Tip: it’s like cross-country skiing! When you go out for a bike ride of more than 10 minutes, the best clue to adjust your clothing remains your cold tolerance. The ideal is to have a bit cold at the moment of the first pedal stroke, history to be comfortable after having traveled the first kilometers. If you feel warm when you leave, you may find the third layer of fleece superfluous after a few minutes of pedaling!
On your head
Summer helmet + tuque + cache-col : you want to live a first experience of winter bike but do not want to invest masses in specialized clothing? You can simply put on a thin toque under your helmet and a mask!
Helmet winter + collar : the ultimate! The winter helmet is the helmet that you can also wear in skiing. With its integrated earmuffs and its shape designed to accommodate your ski goggles, this helmet is perfectly suited to face the winter on your two wheels! Just think of putting a collar, because this helmet does not assume the protection of your neck … this is its only defect!
Ski goggles: in cold or snowy weather, to prevent your eyes from freezing or to parry the snowflakes, put on your ski goggles! It is a must-have accessory for the four-season cyclist.
Waterproof and breathable coat : (5 ° C and +) ideal for a rainy autumn day! The coat protects you from wind and water without too much sweat, especially if it is equipped with ventilation slides, perfect for aeration of your underarms!
Waterproof and breathable coat : (-5 ° C to + 5 ° C) at this temperature, conditions are difficult to predict … The watchword: to stay dry, because by -5 ° C, to be wet, it is the poison, especially if the wind rises! Always have a waterproof coat that protects you from dirt.
Winter coat: (-5 ° C and below) when winter comes and you blow its icy wind and its flakes in the face, you must adorn yourself! In this situation, wearing your winter coat is the best solution. A cross-country coat with good ventilation is ideal, but your good old winter coat is also good. If it’s very cold? Just add an underlay!
Gloves and Mittens
Small neoprene gloves : (5 ° C and +) neoprene gloves are ideal to keep your hands warm even in the rain!
Three-finger gloves : (-5 ° C to + 5 ° C) choose a warm winter glove … three fingers for better dexterity!
Mittens : (-5 ° C and less) since these are the ends that freeze most quickly, protect your hands and opt for a good pair of warm mitts! If you are a chilly type or the temperature drops below -15 ° C, you can add small gloves inside your mittens.
Waterproof and breathable pants : (5 ° C and +) when the weather is rainy, wearing this type of trousers provides perfect comfort! It slips as much over a shorts in summer, as over pants when the mercury is lower!
Waterproof and breathable trousers : (-15 ° C to + 5 ° C) in winter, wearing waterproof and breathable pants over your outfit will keep you warm and protect you from dirt!
Waterproof and breathable trousers : (-30 ° C to -15 ° C) in cold weather, it is essential to protect yourself from the wind and to remove moisture! For that, wearing a waterproof and breathable pants over a hot suit or pants will suck you perfectly.
In your feet
Rain boots : (5 ° C and +) to keep your feet dry, a good old pair of rain boots does the trick on short distances. Otherwise, expect your feet to be soaked … sweating!
Shoes + waterproof shoe covers : (-15 ° C to + 5 ° C) to protect your feet, put on a waterproof shoe cover over your favorite shoes will give you great comfort, without compromising your style once you reach your destination !
Winter Boots : (-30 ° C to -15 ° C) in your feet, a warm winter boot … but make sure you’re comfortable on your pedals.
Do you own a bike? Well you can ride the winter! There is no perfect bike for the cold season … every cyclist has his / her preferences. So, if you want to learn, you can certainly use this good old bike that transports you so well all the other months of the year!
Tip: Before starting, make sure your brake and gear systems are working and that your chain is properly lubricated. Note also that in the winter, the pavement is wet so think of you and the others by equipping yourself with complete mudguards.
Tip: winter freezes! Remember to always have a small bottle of locking deicer in your bag or in your coat pocket so that you do not start the day in the bad mood and the delay … (Very inexpensive, available in hardware stores or stores bikes and very little space).
In winter, the days will shorten and your journeys will often take place in the dark. To ride safely, add lights to your bike: a white light at the front and a red at the rear.
Tip: If your journey is poorly lit, you will need a lighthouse to see well, with a power of about 150 lumens or more. On a well-lit course, a lighthouse of 60 to 150 lumens will allow other road users to see you.
Tip: As the cold is hard for batteries, consider recharging them frequently or having a set of spare lights.
Tip: If the road is slippery, you can reduce the pressure of your tires. Be careful not to go below the minimum pressure recommended by the manufacturer (follow the indications on the edge of your tires). A slightly softer tire will offer better grip.
Studded : these tires, designed for snow, cold and ice, will allow you to adhere well to the slippery road thanks to their band of small nails. This remarkable traction has however a price: they are heavier and make your progression slower or more demanding and are quite expensive.
Cyclocross : Versatile and inexpensive tires! Since they are rather thin, they are able to splitthe snow and to reach the asphalt even through a thick layer of snow. Effective! On the other hand, they adhere little to the ice. Drive with caution. Affordable price.
Mountain : these wide tires with crampons, also very affordable, adhere very well to the roadway even when it is wet. However, they adhere more readily to snowy and icy surfaces. Drive with caution. Affordable price.
Derailleur (s) : This is the most conventional system on the market, since they are generally affordable and fairly reliable. On the other hand, they can freeze in cold weather. It is therefore recommended to choose a ratio that suits us and avoid changing the speeds.
Hub at internal speeds : as the speeds are protected inside the hub, the risks of breakage are practically zero and the system is efficient in all conditions! This system will, however, make your beast burdensome and is a little more expensive to buy.
Single speed (standard and fixed gear) : the fewer parts, the less risk of breakage! On the other hand, since there is only one speed, it is sometimes more difficult to advance. Attention, the one-wheel freewheelstandard can also freeze in very cold weather. And for the followers of the fixed pinion, have at least one emergency brake!
On rims (V-brake, cantilever) : their jaws close on the rim of the wheel. This type of brake is quite effective, albeit a little less when the pavement is wet. Beware of frost during temperature deviations! The rims and brake pads will also tend to wear out prematurely in the winter.
Backpedal : As it is integrated into the hub, it is a very reliable system, regardless of the conditions. On the other hand, the bike will be more skidded with such a braking system; a minimum of practice is required before taking the road, and an additional brake is recommended.
discs: this system is very effective in all conditions but is rather fragile … It requires a little maintenance, and depending on the quality, is relatively expensive compared to other braking systems.
Drums : a good choice in all conditions. A durable purchase, which requires little maintenance since it is sheltered from bad weather. However, emergency braking is less efficient than other systems … keep your distance! Weak point: it is very heavy and requires a compatible hub.
Tip: Remember to slightly reduce the height of your saddle in early winter. The icy roadway and challenging conditions will sometimes require you to set foot on the ground quickly to keep you in balance or to keep you in balance. You will return it to the return of the beautiful days!
The watchword: lubrication! Do not neglect your channel, otherwise your travels will be neglected during winter! Adopt a more viscous chain lubricant than in the summer season, which is more than 24 hours in wet conditions, but do not forget to wipe off excess with a cloth to prevent it from accumulating dirt as quickly as you clean it. You can then supplement with a more liquid lubricant as needed.
Also remember to lubricate the other components of your bike (braking system, radius nuts, derailleur, crankset, etc.) a few times during winter to improve performance and reduce the risk of freezing.